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Diabetic Foot Care: 7 Effective Tips to Protect Your Feet

Diabetes causes many complications, but there are two main concerns with diabetic foot care: diabetic neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease. Diabetic neuropathy can occur when uncontrolled diabetes damage nerves. Peripheral vascular disease affects blood flow and without it, sores, cuts, and bruises take longer to heal.

While anyone can have foot problems, diabetics should take extra precautions as a serious infection could lead to amputation. Here’s a short list of foot problems you should watch out for:

Athlete’s foot

Athlete’s foot, a fungus which causes cracking, redness and itching, could cause an infection allowing germs to enter through the cracks of the skin.

Blisters

When your shoes don’t fit well or they scrape against the same spot all the time, it can form a blister. They also pop up when you wear shoes without socks. They are painful and can become infected.

Calluses

Calluses occur because of a build-up of skin that’s rough, typically on the underside of a person’s foot. A diabetic may get them because of the weight or pressure not evenly distributed. Look at the heel of the foot or the forefoot. If it’s not the weight distribution causing the callus, then check to see if the shoes are fitting properly.

Foot ulcers  

Foot ulcers are deep sores or tears in the skin from a minor scrape or cut. The ulcer can get infected and it could take a great time for it to heal.

diabetic foot care woman getting foot massage
Blood flow is critical to diabetic foot care. Getting a foot massage will help to increase the flow in this area. 

Diabetic Foot Care Tips

Early detection and proper care are crucial to the diabetic who has a foot ulcer. In fact, we recommend you consult a healthcare expert or wound care specialist for proper diabetic foot care. Until you can see a doctor, please observe the suggestions below for diabetes in feet.

  • Always wear diabetic shoes– Purchase the best walking shoes for diabetics. The leading reason behind making shoes for diabetics is to improve the wellbeing of their feet and lessen the dangers of skin breakdown. Diabetic shoes can promote blood circulation in feet.
  • Always keep your feet dry and clean– Washing the feet is really important to diabetic foot care. When possible, clean properly every day and every time you come from being outside. Make sure you dry your feet after washing. You can moisturize your skin if needed to avoid cracks as this helps to keep the skin on your feet healthy and hydrated.
  • Do easy exercises for your feet– Exercise is vital to stay fit and healthy.  Try low-impact aerobic exercises such as swimming. It is one of the best exercises for people who have diabetes as it doesn’t impact the feet and it burns calories.
  • Always keep a regular check on your diabetes– The objective is to manage your blood sugar to keep your feet healthier. If you have high blood sugar or uncontrolled diabetes, I want you to know it’s challenging to fight foot infections especially if the patient is confined to the bed. We urge you to have a straightforward discussion with a nurse teaching on diabetic foot care.
  • Avoid using your feet to test hot water– It is never advisable to monitor the water temperature for your bath with your feet. People with diabetes can develop nerve damage or increase the damage to your feet. Besides, it’s difficult to judge how hot your water is using your feet.
  • Schedule the periodic test for your feet– While this point is last on the list, it is certainly not the least important objective to keep in mind. We strongly recommend people having high blood sugar or foot problems with diabetes to get their feet properly examined by their podiatrist or a foot care specialist at least once every year. A doctor can easily tell you if you have any blood circulation problems or other foot problems and can suggest proper treatment and care, including diabetic peripheral neuropathy treatment.

How Does Diabetes Affect Your Feet?

Learn how to do a diabetic foot exam. If you have any issues with your feet like cracks, ulcers, or sores, you must consult a doctor or podiatrist. What must be remembered is early diagnosis will help you heal your problem easily and quickly.

Diabetic foot care is really important for people who have diabetes. It’s imperative they protect their feet from injuries, even minor cuts or blisters. Diabetics are slow to heal and wounds can lead to infection. Hopefully, if you have or are caring for someone who has diabetes or high blood sugar, these points in diabetes foot care education will help you keep your feet healthy and happy. Bless up!

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